Resources about ethical, legal, and social issues (ELSI) related to genetics and genomics in clinical practice
Accessing and using genetic information clinically can raise unique ethical, legal, and social concerns, generally known as ELSI. For example, unlike most other types of medical information, identifying a genetic variant in a patient may also diagnose his or her close relatives with the condition without them ever agreeing to testing. Recognizing what these issues may be in a specific situation provides the opportunity to discuss them directly with patients and identify ways to address them. The resources below discuss ELSI issues, their clinical implications, and ways to discuss them with patients.
GINA Discussion Guide. Provides talking points and key information about genetic discrimination and the Genetic Information Nondiscrimination Act (GINA), which protects individuals from the misuse of genetic information in health insurance and employment.
Communicating with Family Factsheet. Provides tips for the provider to assist in family communication about genetic testing and risk.
Informed Consent Checklist. Outlines key points to include in pretest counseling that help prepare an individual for the potential outcomes of genetic testing.
Core Competencies for Healthcare Providers. Identifies competencies in genetics for all healthcare providers, developed by the National Coalition for Health Professional Education in Genetics (NCHPEG).
Free, self-directed programs for continuing education credit. Courses contain case studies and/or information that discuss ELSI implications in clinical practice.