COVID-19 is an infectious disease caused by a new coronavirus, SARS-CoV-2. As of August 1, 2020, the World Health Organization (WHO) reported infections in over 17.5 million people worldwide causing over 680,000 deaths. Developing and deploying preventative vaccines, reduced opportunistic infection strategies, and clinical therapeutics is benefiting from worldwide cooperation of the biomedical research and translational communities in both academia and industry.
The mouse is a valuable tool as an experimental model organism to improve our understanding of SARS-CoV-2 infection, colonization, pathogenesis, and host response mechanisms. The mouse can also be used to assess potential preventative, disease modifying, and therapeutic approaches. During the SARS outbreak in 2003 caused by the SARS-CoV-1 virus, the development of a strain of mice carrying a human ACE2 gene (the receptor for Coronavirus) which was susceptible to SARS-CoV-1 proved valuable in the study of SARS. This strain will also be vital for studies of SARS-CoV-2.
Research into coronaviruses has also identified several other genes that are either involved in infection, colonization, host response, and disease pathogenesis. Mouse strains carrying mutations in these genes will also be an important part of the toolkit for studying SARS-CoV-2 and potentially revealing new preventative, disease-modifying, or therapeutic approaches.
Using the mouse as a model system, employing its comparative genetics to humans and its facile genetic engineering, provides the research community with a model system that can provide valuable insights into SARS-CoV-2 and a platform for infection, colonization, and therapeutic studies.
Mouse genetics, genomics, and functional assessment centres and repositories around the world have come together to form a consortium to underpin global research into SARS-CoV-2 by the efficient delivery of relevant mouse strains, mouse genetics expertise, and robust outcome and therapeutic effect and safety testing platforms.
The GMMCC is comprised of 24 institutes and centres that represent a formidable collection of resources and expertise in mouse genetics, genomics, and response to pathogen research that are able to serve worldwide research into SARS-CoV2.
The GMMCC includes a number of well-established public mouse genetics consortia that provide design, production, and functional analysis of genetic mutation (IMPC, INFRAFRONTIER) and archiving and distribution of mutant mouse strains and resources of mouse for biomedical research (AMMRA based in Asia, INFRAFRONTIER-EMMA based in Europe, the MMRRC in the US, and the CMMR in Canada; see Table 1).
The Global Mouse Models for COVID-19 Consortium – Mouse Resources for Coronavirus Research
Links to current mouse strains available from some of our members. These summaries are updated regularly.
Mouse Genome Informatics, US
Mouse Models for Coronavirus Research
International Mouse Phenotype Consortium
Mouse Mutants for Coronavirus Research
Mutant Mouse Resource and Research Centers, US
MMRRC Mouse Models for COVID-19 Research
|The Americas||The Jackson Laboratory||US||Ken Fasmanfirstname.lastname@example.org|
|Baylor College of Medicine||US||Mary Dickinsonemail@example.com|
|UC Davis||US||Kent Lloydfirstname.lastname@example.org|
|The Centre for Phenogenomics (TCP)||Canada||Lauryl Nutteremail@example.com|
|Europe||Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute||UK||David Adamsfirstname.lastname@example.org|
|Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona||Spain||Fatima Boschemail@example.com|
|MRC Harwell||UK||Steve Brown, Annie Mallon, Sara Wellsfirstname.lastname@example.org|
|European Bioinformatics Institute||UK||Paul Flicek, Helen Parkinsonemail@example.com, firstname.lastname@example.org|
|Helmholtz-Zentrum Muenchen||Germany||Martin Hrabe de Angelisemail@example.com|
|CNR Monterotondo||Italy||Fabio Mammanofirstname.lastname@example.org|
|PHENOMIN, Strasbourg||France||Yann Heraultemail@example.com|
|Czech centre for Phenogenomics, IMG||Czech Republic||Radislav Sedlacek, Jan Rozmanfirstname.lastname@example.org, email@example.com|
|QMUL- Queen Mary University London||UK||Damian Smedleyfirstname.lastname@example.org|
|Australia||Phenomics Australia||Australia||Michael Dobbieemail@example.com|
|Africa||PCDDP North-West University||South Africa||Anne Groblerfirstname.lastname@example.org|
|Asia||MARC Nanjing University||PRC||Xiang Gaoemail@example.com|
|Indian Institutes of Science Education and Research, Pune||India||Sanjeev Galandefirstname.lastname@example.org|
|Institute of Laboratory Animal Sciences-ILAS, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences||PRC||Chuan Qinemail@example.com|
|RIKEN BioResource Research Center||Japan||Toshihiko Shiroishifirstname.lastname@example.org|
|Korea Mouse Phenotype Consortium||South Korea||Je Kyung Seongemail@example.com|
|National Laboratory Animal Center, National Applied Research Laboratories (NARLabs)||Taiwan||Genie Chin Hsian-Jeanfirstname.lastname@example.org|
|CAM-SU Genomic Resource Center, Soochow University||PRC||Ying Xuemail@example.com|
|Asian Mouse Mutagenesis Resource Association (AMMRA)||Asia & Australia||Leo Wangfirstname.lastname@example.org|
|Canadian Mouse Mutant Repository (CMMR)||Canada||Yulia Katsmanemail@example.com|
|European Mouse Mutant Archive (EMMA)||Europe||Martin Hrabe de Angelisfirstname.lastname@example.org|
|The International Mouse Phenotyping Consortium (IMPC)||International||Steve Brownemail@example.com|
|INFRAFRONTIER||Europe||Martin Hrabe de Angelisfirstname.lastname@example.org|
|Mutant Mouse Resource and Research Center (MMRRC)||US||Christoph Lossinemail@example.com|
|National Institutes of Health (NIH)||US||Colin Fletcherfirstname.lastname@example.org|