Mutant mice on this background will be useful in studies to establish the nature of diabesity modifier genes in the DBA/2 genome as well as the development of diabetic complications, notably diabetic nephropathy and glaucoma.
T1DR Colony, The Jackson Laboratory
Recessive mutations in the leptin receptor produce massive obesity regardless of the strain background on which they are studied. However, development of obesity-induced and insulin resistant diabetes ("diabesity") is strongly influenced by inbred strain background modifier genes and by sex. A comparison of this mutation on multiple inbred backgrounds showed that the congenic transfer of the mutation from the diabesity-susceptible C57BLKS/J background onto the DBA/2J background produced an even more severe diabesity syndrome (Leiter et al., 1981). This is noteworthy because C57BLKS/J is thought to differ from the diabesity-resistant C57BL/6J strain by the presence of DBA/2 genetic contamination in a B6-like genome (Naggert et al., 1995). Unfortunately, this D2.BKS-Leprdb stock was not maintained. Because diabetic DBA/2J males have been shown to be more susceptible to development of diabetic nephropathy (Gurley et al., 2010), speed congenic methodology was used to regenerate this mutant stock. Mutant mice on this background will be useful in studies to establish the nature of diabesity modifier genes in the DBA/2 genome (Davis et al., 2012) as well as the development of diabetic complications, notably diabetic nephropathy and glaucoma.
Heterozygous mice are either grey or dilute in appearance .
The spontaneous autosomal recessive diabetes (Leprdb) mutation was discovered at The Jackson Laboratory, Bar Harbor, Maine USA in 1966 on the inbred strain C57BLKS/J (BKS). Using marker assisted technology, the Type 1 Diabetes Resource and Genetic Resource Sciences established the "D2-db" congenic strain by introducing the Leprdb allele from the BKS.Cg-m +/+ Leprdb/J repulsion stock (see Stock No. 000642) onto the DBA/2J (see Stock No. 000671) background. In 2012, "D2-db" mice generated using speed congenic technology were rederived into the Repository and are at the 6th backcross generation.
|Allele Synonym(s)||db; db/db; Lepdb; Lepr-; Leprdb-1J; leprdb|
|Gene Symbol and Name||Lepr, leptin receptor|
|Strain of Origin||C57BLKS/J|
|General Note|| |
Phenotypic Similarity to Human Syndrome: Gestational Diabetes J:219658
|Molecular Note||An intronic G-to-T transversion in this allele created a donor splice site that causes abnormal splicing and the inclusion of 106 nt of intronic sequence in the transcript, leading to premature termination of the long cellular domain of the Ob-Rb splice form and loss of its signal transducing function.|
This colony is maintained as segregating heterozygous and wildtype.
When using the D2.BKS(D)-Leprdb/J mouse strain in a publication, please cite the originating article(s) and include JAX stock #012666 in your Materials and Methods section.
"MICE" means mouse strains, their progeny derived by inbreeding or crossbreeding, unmodified derivatives from mouse strains or their progeny supplied by The Jackson Laboratory ("JACKSON"). "PRODUCT(S)" means biological materials supplied by JACKSON, and their derivatives. "SERVICES" means projects conducted by JACKSON for other parties that may include but are not limited to the use of MICE or PRODUCTS. "RECIPIENT" means each recipient of MICE, PRODUCTS, or SERVICES provided by JACKSON including each institution, its employees and other researchers under its control. MICE or PRODUCTS shall not be: (i) used for any purpose other than internal research, (ii) sold or otherwise provided to any third party for any use, or (iii) provided to any agent or other third party to provide breeding or other services. Acceptance of MICE, PRODUCTS or SERVICES from JACKSON shall be deemed as agreement by RECIPIENT to these conditions, and departure from these conditions requires JACKSON’s prior written authorization.
MICE, PRODUCTS AND SERVICES ARE PROVIDED "AS IS". JACKSON EXTENDS NO WARRANTIES OF ANY KIND, EITHER EXPRESS, IMPLIED, OR STATUTORY, WITH RESPECT TO MICE, PRODUCTS OR SERVICES, INCLUDING ANY IMPLIED WARRANTY OF MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE, OR ANY WARRANTY OF NON-INFRINGEMENT OF ANY PATENT, TRADEMARK, OR OTHER INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHTS.
In case of dissatisfaction for a valid reason and claimed in writing by a purchaser within ninety (90) days of receipt of, PRODUCTS or SERVICES, JACKSON will, at its option, provide credit or replacement for the PRODUCT received or the SERVICES provided; JACKSON makes no other representations and this shall be the exclusive remedy of the purchaser. Please note specific policy for live mice.
Consistent with the requirement for a written understanding regarding animal care and use, the JACKSON Animal Care and Use Committee will review the animal care and use protocol(s) associated with any SERVICES to be performed at JACKSON, and JACKSON shall have ultimate responsibility and authority for the care of animals while on site or in JACKSON custody.
In no event shall JACKSON, its trustees, directors, officers, employees, and affiliates be liable for any causes of action or damages, including any direct, indirect, special, or consequential damages, arising out of the provision of MICE, PRODUCTS, or SERVICES, including economic damage or injury to property and lost profits, and including any damage arising from acts or negligence on the part of JACKSON, its agents or employees. Unless prohibited by law, in purchasing or receiving MICE, PRODUCTS, or SERVICES from JACKSON, purchaser or recipient, or any party claiming by or through them, expressly releases and discharges JACKSON from all such causes of action or damages, and further agrees to defend and indemnify JACKSON from any costs or damages arising out of any third party claims.
MICE, PRODUCTS or SERVICES are to be used in a safe manner and in accordance with all applicable governmental rules and regulations.
The foregoing represents the General Terms and Conditions applicable to JACKSON’s MICE, PRODUCTS or SERVICES. In addition, special terms and conditions of sale of certain MICE, PRODUCTS, or SERVICES may be set forth separately in JACKSON web pages, catalogs, price lists, contracts, and/or other documents, and these special terms and conditions shall also govern the sale of these MICE, PRODUCTS and SERVICES by JACKSON, and by its licensees and distributors.
Acceptance of delivery of MICE, PRODUCTS or SERVICES shall be deemed agreement to these terms and conditions. No purchase order or other document transmitted by purchaser or recipient that may modify the terms and conditions hereof, shall be in any way binding on JACKSON, and instead the terms and conditions set forth herein, including any special terms and conditions set forth separately, shall govern the sale of MICE, PRODUCTS or SERVICES by JACKSON.