This human FXN YAC transgenic mouse model has the mouse frataxin knockout allele (Fxn-) and the human FXN YAC transgene from founder YG8 (carrying two tandem copies of the human FXN gene with ~82 and ~190 GAA trinucleotide sequence repeats). Mice homozygous for the knockout and hemizygous for the YG8 transgene, called YG8R mice, are rescued from knockout lethality and have transgene expression that models the phenotype of Friedreich's Ataxia (FRDA).
Mark A Pook, Brunel University
This strain is maintained heterozygous for the targeted mutation and hemizygous for the transgene.
Importation of this model was supported by the Friedreich's Ataxia Research Alliance (FARA).
The YG8 transgenic founder line carries two tandem copies of the human FXN gene with ~82 and ~190 GAA trinucleotide sequence repeats. Mice that are heterozygous for the Fxn- knockout allele and hemizygous for the YG8 transgene are viable and fertile. High levels of human FXN gene product (mRNA or protein) are detected by RT-PCR and Western blot analysis. Approximately 40-50% of the endogenous mouse Fxn gene product (protein) is detected by Western blot analysis in mice heterozygous for the Fxn- knockout allele alone. Mice homozygous for the Fxn- knockout allele and hemizygous for the YG8 transgene, called YG8R mice, are rescued from knockout lethality and have transgene expression that results in an age-dependent, tissue-specific expansion of the GAA repeat, with expansion accumulation observed in the CNS (particularly cerebellum), similar to the human pathology of Friedreich's Ataxia. The GAA triplet repeats exhibit intergenerational instability.
In an attempt to offer alleles on well-characterized or multiple genetic backgrounds, alleles are frequently moved to a genetic background different from that on which an allele was first characterized. This is the case for the strain above. It should be noted that the phenotype could vary from that originally described. We will modify the strain description if necessary as published results become available.
It should be noted that the YAC transgenic FRDA mouse models available from The Jackson Laboratory (YG22R, YG8R and YG8sR) may have different GAA repeat sizes than the animals used in the publications described below.
Publicationsfrom Dr. Mark A. Pook (Brunel University London) in 2014-2015 examine the correlation between the FRDA-like pathological phenotype and frataxin-deficiency in the YAC transgenic FRDA mouse models YG22R (two copies of the FRDA transgene; 190 GAA repeats expanded to ~170-260), YG8R (two copies of the FRDA transgene; 90-190 GAA repeats expanded to ~120-220) and YG8sR (a contraction of the transgene to a single copy; ~120-150 GAA repeats) compared to Y47R control mice (one copy of the FRDA transgene with a stable 9 GAA repeat) and C57BL6/J wildtype mice. The results described below are all in comparison to control mice.
The three YAC transgenic FRDA mouse models (YG8R, YG22R and YG8sR) had a progressive decrease in the motor coordination; the degree of impairment was most significant in YG8R mice. All three models exhibited GAA repeat somatic instability in the brain, cerebellum and liver, as well as exhibited glucose intolerance and insulin hypersensitivity. The greatest FXN deficiency of the three models tested was in YG8sR. Expression levels of the transgenes in various tissues are reported in the Pook publications.
These double mutant mice, heterozygous for the targeted mutation and hemizygous for the transgene, were generated by crossing transgenic mice (founder line YG8) with Fxntm1Mkn targeted mutant mice.
Drs. Michel Koenig and Helene Puccio generated the Fxn targeted mutation allele by disrupting exon 4 and flanking sequences with a loxP site flanked PGK-neo cassette. The construct was electroporated into 129/Sv derived embryonic stem (ES) cells. Correctly targeted ES cells were injected into C57BL/6J blastocysts. The resulting chimeric animals were crossed to C57BL/6J mice, and then backcrossed to C57BL/6J for five generations.
The transgenic construct consisting of a 370kb YAC insert that includes the entire human FXN gene with GAA triplet repeat sequences, was injected into fertilized CBA X C57BL/6 hybrid fertilized oocytes. Founder line YG8 was established, carrying 2 tandem copies of the human FXN gene with GAA trinucleotide sequence repeats as low as 122 and as high as 207. Founder animals were bred to wildtype C57BL/6J mice for five generations.
The two lines were then crossed to generate the double mutant. The Donating Investigator breeds mice that are heterozygous for the Fxntm1Mkn targeted mutation and hemizygous for the YG8 transgene to mice that are heterozygous for the Fxntm1Mkn targeted mutation to obtain mice homozygous for the Fxntm1Mkn targeted mutation and hemizygous for the YG8 transgene.
SNP (single nucleotide polymorphism) analysis performed by The Jackson Laboratory revealed that the mice originally imported were on a mixed genetic background. The mixed genetic background mice were then backcrossed to C57BL/6J for five generations.
|Expressed Gene||Fxn, frataxin, mouse, laboratory|
|Site of Expression|
|Expressed Gene||FXN, frataxin, human|
|Site of Expression|
|Allele Name||targeted mutation 1, Michel Koenig|
|Allele Type||Targeted (Null/Knockout)|
|Allele Synonym(s)||Frda-; Frdadel4|
|Gene Symbol and Name||Fxn, frataxin|
|Gene Synonym(s)||CyaY; FA; FARR; FRDA; Frda; Frda; Friedreich ataxia; RGD1565754; X25|
|Expressed Gene||Fxn, frataxin, mouse, laboratory|
|Strain of Origin||129/Sv|
|Molecular Note||A loxP-flanked PGK-neomycin resistance cassette replaced a genomic DNA fragment containing exon 4, which is highly conserved and often mutated in humans. An additional line was also produced in which the loxP flanked neomycin cassette was removed by Cre mediated recombination, but no distinction was made between these alleles in the original reference. From J:90098: The presence of a human FRDA transgene in hemizygous form in a Frdatm1Mkn homozygous null background rescues the embryonic lethal phenotype and complements for the loss of endogenous mouse frataxin.|
|Allele Name||transgene insertion YG8, Mark A Pook|
|Allele Type||Transgenic (Humanized sequence, Inserted expressed sequence)|
|Gene Symbol and Name||Tg(FXN)YG8Pook, transgene insertion YG8, Mark A Pook|
|Promoter||FXN, frataxin, human|
|Expressed Gene||FXN, frataxin, human|
|Strain of Origin||CBA x C57BL/6|
|General Note||Line YG22 exhibits slightly greater age-related repeat instability, with a bias toward repeat expansion.|
|Molecular Note||The transgenic construct consists of a 370kb YAC insert that includes the entire human FXN gene with GAA triplet repeat sequences, and was injected into fertilized CBA X C57BL/6 hybrid fertilized oocytes. Founder line YG8 was established, carrying 2 tandem copies of the human FXN gene with two GAA trinucleotide repeat sequences of 82 and 190 repeats. This line displayed a transmission rate of 52% to offspring.|
When maintaining a live colony, these mice can be bred as heterozygotes for the targeted mutation and hemizygotes for the transgene.
When using the B6.Cg-Fxntm1Mkn Tg(FXN)YG8Pook/J mouse strain in a publication, please cite the originating article(s) and include JAX stock #012253 in your Materials and Methods section.
|Heterozygous or wild-type for Fxn<tm1Mkn> , Hemizygous or Non Carrier for Tg(FXN)YG8Pook|
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