These mice carry a targeted mutation of the Gusb gene and exhibit growth retardation, shortened extremities, and facial dysmorphism.
William S Sly, Saint Louis University Medical Center
Homozygous mice are viable but have reduced neonatal survival. Homozygotes are infertile, but fertility can be restored with enzyme replacement therapy. No residual enzyme activity is observed. Homozygous mice are indistinguishable from heterozygous and wild type mice at birth, but show distinct growth retardation, shortened extremities, and facial dysmorphism observable at wean and increasing in severity with age. Long bones of the lower extremities are shortened, broad, and sclerotic. Compared to wild-type, this model has increased urinary glycosaminoglycan and secondary elevation of other lysosomal storage enzymes. Further, homozygous mice show abundant lysosomal storage in liver, kidney, leptomeningeal cells, cornea, spleen, neurons, and retinal pigment epithelium. The phenotype exhibited by this mutant mouse strain is more severe than that observed in a similarly constructed mutant (Stock No. 005644) which bears a L175F point mutation. This strain represents a model of human GUS deficiency characterized by the human E540A mutation that may be useful in studies of severe Mucopolysaccharidosis type VII (MPS VII or Sly Syndrome).
A targeting vector containing exons 1-10 (12.4 kb) of the targeted gene, a loxP-flanked neomycin resistance gene between exons 9 and 10, and herpes simplex virus thymidine kinase gene for selection of properly transfected cells was used in the creation of this mutant. A mutagenic primer was used to introduce a glutamic acid to alanine substitution at residue 536 (E536A) in exon 10 of the targeting vector. The construct was electroporated into the 129X1/SvJ-derived embryonic stem (ES) cell line RW-4. Correctly targeted ES cells were injected into C57BL/6J blastocysts and the resulting chimeric males were backcrossed for germ-line transmission to C57BL/6J females. Offspring were mated with Cre-expressing C57BL/6J to remove the neomycin resistance gene. The neo-excised heterozygotes were backcrossed to C57BL/6J for ten generations.
|Allele Name||targeted mutation 1, William S Sly|
|Allele Type||Targeted (Humanized sequence)|
|Gene Symbol and Name||Gusb, glucuronidase, beta|
|Promoter||Gusb, glucuronidase, beta, mouse, laboratory|
|Strain of Origin||129X1/SvJ|
|Molecular Note||Site directed mutagenesis was used to introduce a glutamic acid to alanine substitution at residue 536 (E536A) of exon 10. This mutation corresponds to E540A, an active-site nucleophile replacement mutation found in human GUS deficiency.|
|Mutations Made By|| |
William Sly, Saint Louis University Medical Center
When maintaining a live colony, heterozygotes are intercrossed to produce homozygotes, heterozygotes, and wild type mice. Homozygous mice are infertile. Intravenous injection of beta-glucuronidase into young homozygous males will restore fertility (see Sands et al, 1994 J Clin Inv 93:2324-2331).
When using the Gustm(E536A)Sly mouse strain in a publication, please cite the originating article(s) and include JAX stock #005643 in your Materials and Methods section.