Male and female mice homozygous for rd6develop a slowly progressive retinal degeneration affecting both rod and cone cells beginning at 3-4 weeks of age, soon after the retina develops. This mutant has been suggested as a model for the human flecked retinal disorder retinitis punctata albicans (RPA), which causes progressive visual loss similar to that characteristic of retinitis pigmentosa.Read More +
Male and female mice homozygous for rd6develop a slowly progressive retinal degeneration affecting both rod and cone cells beginning at 3-4 weeks of age, soon after the retina develops. Ophthalmoscopic examination reveals small, evenly distributed white spots throughout the retina from the time the mice are 8 weeks old. The spots remain clearly visible until about 7 months, when clinical signs of retinal degeneration first become evident, and become less easily distinguishable as degeneration progresses. Retinal blood vessels appear pale and attenuated by 7 months and are undetectable by 15 months, when the fundus appears mottled, lightly pigmented and granular. Aberrations of the photoreceptor layer are histologically evident at 3-4 weeks; by one year, only one to three cell layers (of the normal 10-12) remain. The time and distribution of the ophthalmoscopically detectable retinal spots correlate with histologic observation of putative phagocytic cells in the subretinal space. This mutant has been suggested as a model for the human flecked retinal disorder retinitis punctata albicans (RPA), which causes progressive visual loss similar to that characteristic of retinitis pigmentosa. (Hawes et al. 2000)
The Catb (catalase 1 null) mutation was identified in a screen for low catalase activity by Feinstein et al. (1964, 1966) at Argonne National Laboratory of offpring of (C3H x 101) male mice irradiated at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (600 R in fractionated exposures), then crossed to females of the Oak Ridge "multiple recessive testing stock" derived from a cross of NB mice (aabbcch p/cch p d se/d se) and mice of a non-inbred stock homozygous for three of the same recessive mutations, as well as for s, from which mice homozygous for all seven mutations were bred and maintained afterward by random breeding (Russell 1951). Putative heterozygotes for catalase deficiency were crossed to normal mice (not clearly identified, but presumably unirradiated progeny of (101 x C3H)F1 X ORNL testing stock), and offspring exhibiting low catalase activity were backcrossed to the heterozygous parent (Feinstein et al. 1966).Catb was subsequently transferred by backcrossing for eight generations onto C3H/HeAnl, a line carrying mouse mammary tumor virus (MMTV) and another line (C3Hf) free of the virus (Feinstein et al. 1978). The Jackson Laboratory received C3HfB/Ga-Catb, now C3Ga.Cg-Catb/J (stock #001906), from Allen H. Gates, then at the University of Rochester, in 1982.
Although all C3H strains carry the rd1 (retinal degeneration 1) mutation at Pde6b, the gene encoding the beta subunit of phosphodiesterase 1, retinas of these mice exhibited a peculiar, granular appearance distinct from the usual Pde6brd1 phenotype. F2 progeny of a cross of C3HfB/Ga-Catb and C57BL/6J mice exhibited three retinal phenotypes: 1) normal; 2) patches of pigment deposition and large, diffuse pigmented regions typical Pde6brd1 homozygotes; and 3) small, discrete, light-colored dots throughout the fundus. Mice exhibiting the last phenotype were intercrossed among themselves to produce a stock homozygous for Mfrprd6 and for the wild-type allele at Pde6b. During this process, a separate mutation with a distinct map position was identified and characterized as Crb1rd8. STOCK Crb1rd8 Mfrprd6/J (stock #004299) is homozygous for both Mfrprd6 and Crb1rd8 on this mixed genetic background that derived in part from C57BL/6J, C3H, 101, and a linkage testing stock derived from non-inbred stocks. In order to isolate Mfrprd6 and Crb1rd8 this strain was backcrossed to C57BL/6J, and selection for either Mfrprd6 or Crb1rd8 yielded B6.C3Ga-Mfrprd6/J (stock #003684) and STOCK Crb1rd8/J (stock #003392) respectively.
|Allele Name||retinal degeneration 6|
|Gene Symbol and Name||Mfrp, membrane frizzled-related protein|
|Strain of Origin||C3fBAnl.Cg-Catb/AnlJ|
|Molecular Note||The rd6 mutation was identified as a 4 bp deletion in the splice donor sequence of intron 4 in the Mfrp gene. The mutation results in the skipping of exon 4. While the mutation does not cause a frameshift, 58 amino acids are deleted from the protein.|
When using the B6.C3Ga-Mfrprd6/J mouse strain in a publication, please cite the originating article(s) and include JAX stock #003684 in your Materials and Methods section.