The Tgncog mutation causes the development of goiters due to failed processing of thyroglobulin. Homozygotes are smaller in overall size by 15 days of age. They have an increase in growth rate at the time of weaning but generally do not attain comparable size with their wildtype littermates. Increased thyroidal volume is apparent at embryonic day 18 and continues enlarging to an average of 5 fold higher than normal at 8 weeks of age and 20 fold normal at 10 months of age. In addition to decreased serum T3 and T4 levels, homozygotes have increased serum thyroid stimulating hormone levels, reduced levels of serum IGFBP-3, IGFBP-4, and IGFBP-2, mild anemia, and hypomyelination restricted to the cerebrum. Tgncog is an outwardly recessive mutation but microdissection reveals a heterozygous phenotype as well. Thyrofollicular cells of heterozygotes have swollen protein-containing vesicles similar to but more moderate than those found in homozygotes. Thyroid extracts from homozygotes have an increased percent of protein and heterozygotes have an intermediate percent of protein relative to wild type siblings. (Beamer et al., 1987; Adkison et al., 1990; Sugisaki et al., 1991, 1992, and 1993; Kim et al., 1996 and1998.)
The congenital goiter mutation arose spontaneously in the AKR/J strain (then at generation F131) at The Jackson Laboratory. The mutation was maintained via sibling mating for 9 generations then backcrossed once to AKR/J then sibling mated for 4 generations before being backcrossed to BALB/cBy. A single male at N1F4 was bred to a BALB/cBy female, their heterozygous offspring sibling mated to generate a homozygous N1F1 female that was backcrossed to a BALB/cBy male. Their heterozygous N2 offspring were sibling mated to generate a homozygous male that was backcrossed to a BALB/cBy female. The backcross-intercross breeding scheme was continued from this point on using female BALB/cBy and male homozygotes in the backcross generations until the congenic strain reached N10. This strain was then maintained via sibling mating and in 1995 homozygous males at generation N10F21 were bred with C57BL/6J females to generate embryos for cryopreservation.
|Allele Name||congenital goiter|
|Allele Synonym(s)||Tgncog; cog|
|Gene Symbol and Name||Tg, thyroglobulin|
|Gene Synonym(s)||AITD3; TGN; Tgn; Tgn; cog; congenital goiter|
|Strain of Origin||AKR/J|
|Molecular Note||The mutation is a C to T transition yielding a leucine to proline change at residue 2263. This falls within the acetylcholinesterase domain and impacts protein conformation. This conformational mutation is temperature sensitive; there is an increase in the level of TGN secreted from mutant thyrocytes at 31 degrees relative to the level secreted at 37 degrees, which is below the threshold of detection by PAGE. A small amount of functional TGN is processed in homozygous mice and serum triiodothyroinine and tetraiodothyroinine are found, albeit at vastly reduced levels.|
|Carrier for Tg<cog>|
The average number of mice provided from recovery of our cryopreserved strains is 10. The total number of animals provided,
their gender and genotype will vary. We will fulfill your order by providing at least two pair of mice, at least one animal of
each pair carrying the mutation of interest. Please inquire if larger numbers of animals with specific genotype and genders
are needed. Animals typically ship between 10 and 14 weeks from the date of your order. If a second cryorecovery is needed in
order to provide the minimum number of animals, animals will ship within 25 weeks.
The genotypes of animals provided may not reflect the mating scheme utilized by The Jackson Laboratory prior to cryopreservation, or that discussed in the strain description. Please inquire about possible genotypes which will be recovered for this specific strain. The Jackson Laboratory cannot guarantee the reproductive success of mice shipped to your facility. If the mice are lost after the first three days (post-arrival) or do not produce progeny at your facility, a new order and fee will be necessary.
Cryorecovery to establish a Dedicated Supply for greater quantities of mice. Mice recovered can be used to establish a dedicated colony to contractually supply you mice according to your requirements. Price by quotation.
"MICE" means mouse strains, their progeny derived by inbreeding or crossbreeding, unmodified derivatives from mouse strains or their progeny supplied by The Jackson Laboratory ("JACKSON"). "PRODUCT(S)" means biological materials supplied by JACKSON, and their derivatives. "SERVICES" means projects conducted by JACKSON for other parties that may include but are not limited to the use of MICE or PRODUCTS. "RECIPIENT" means each recipient of MICE, PRODUCTS, or SERVICES provided by JACKSON including each institution, its employees and other researchers under its control. MICE or PRODUCTS shall not be: (i) used for any purpose other than internal research, (ii) sold or otherwise provided to any third party for any use, or (iii) provided to any agent or other third party to provide breeding or other services. Acceptance of MICE, PRODUCTS or SERVICES from JACKSON shall be deemed as agreement by RECIPIENT to these conditions, and departure from these conditions requires JACKSON’s prior written authorization.
MICE, PRODUCTS AND SERVICES ARE PROVIDED "AS IS". JACKSON EXTENDS NO WARRANTIES OF ANY KIND, EITHER EXPRESS, IMPLIED, OR STATUTORY, WITH RESPECT TO MICE, PRODUCTS OR SERVICES, INCLUDING ANY IMPLIED WARRANTY OF MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE, OR ANY WARRANTY OF NON-INFRINGEMENT OF ANY PATENT, TRADEMARK, OR OTHER INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHTS.
In case of dissatisfaction for a valid reason and claimed in writing by a purchaser within ninety (90) days of receipt of, PRODUCTS or SERVICES, JACKSON will, at its option, provide credit or replacement for the PRODUCT received or the SERVICES provided; JACKSON makes no other representations and this shall be the exclusive remedy of the purchaser. Please note specific policy for live mice.
Consistent with the requirement for a written understanding regarding animal care and use, the JACKSON Animal Care and Use Committee will review the animal care and use protocol(s) associated with any SERVICES to be performed at JACKSON, and JACKSON shall have ultimate responsibility and authority for the care of animals while on site or in JACKSON custody.
In no event shall JACKSON, its trustees, directors, officers, employees, and affiliates be liable for any causes of action or damages, including any direct, indirect, special, or consequential damages, arising out of the provision of MICE, PRODUCTS, or SERVICES, including economic damage or injury to property and lost profits, and including any damage arising from acts or negligence on the part of JACKSON, its agents or employees. Unless prohibited by law, in purchasing or receiving MICE, PRODUCTS, or SERVICES from JACKSON, purchaser or recipient, or any party claiming by or through them, expressly releases and discharges JACKSON from all such causes of action or damages, and further agrees to defend and indemnify JACKSON from any costs or damages arising out of any third party claims.
MICE, PRODUCTS or SERVICES are to be used in a safe manner and in accordance with all applicable governmental rules and regulations.
The foregoing represents the General Terms and Conditions applicable to JACKSON’s MICE, PRODUCTS or SERVICES. In addition, special terms and conditions of sale of certain MICE, PRODUCTS, or SERVICES may be set forth separately in JACKSON web pages, catalogs, price lists, contracts, and/or other documents, and these special terms and conditions shall also govern the sale of these MICE, PRODUCTS and SERVICES by JACKSON, and by its licensees and distributors.
Acceptance of delivery of MICE, PRODUCTS or SERVICES shall be deemed agreement to these terms and conditions. No purchase order or other document transmitted by purchaser or recipient that may modify the terms and conditions hereof, shall be in any way binding on JACKSON, and instead the terms and conditions set forth herein, including any special terms and conditions set forth separately, shall govern the sale of MICE, PRODUCTS or SERVICES by JACKSON.