Mice homozygous for the hr spontaneous mutation have a higher incidence and earlier onset of leukemia, reducible by virus-specific antibody. Deficiency of splenic T helper cells (Ly-1+) may account for low cellular immune response of homozygous mutant mice. The coat is normal on hr/hr mice up to 10 days but then hair is lost from the follicle. Waves of hair growth with few thin fuzzy hairs ocur at monthly intervals for some time but homozygotes eventually become continuously hairless. Vibrissae are repeatedly regrown and shed, becoming more abnormal with age. Toenails are long and curved. There is hyperkeratosis of stratified epithelium and the upper part of hair canals beginning at 14 days. Hair club formation is abnormal. Cysts form from the hyperkeratotic upper part of hair canals and sheaths of abnormal follicles stranded in dermis. Some cysts also form from sebaceous glands. All cysts undergo sebaceous transformation and later keratinization. HRS/J mice, fed an ather...Read More +
Mice homozygous for the hr spontaneous mutation have a higher incidence and earlier onset of leukemia, reducible by virus-specific antibody. Deficiency of splenic T helper cells (Ly-1+) may account for low cellular immune response of homozygous mutant mice. The coat is normal on hr/hr mice up to 10 days but then hair is lost from the follicle. Waves of hair growth with few thin fuzzy hairs ocur at monthly intervals for some time but homozygotes eventually become continuously hairless. Vibrissae are repeatedly regrown and shed, becoming more abnormal with age. Toenails are long and curved. There is hyperkeratosis of stratified epithelium and the upper part of hair canals beginning at 14 days. Hair club formation is abnormal. Cysts form from the hyperkeratotic upper part of hair canals and sheaths of abnormal follicles stranded in dermis. Some cysts also form from sebaceous glands. All cysts undergo sebaceous transformation and later keratinization. HRS/J mice, fed an atherogenic diet (1.25% cholesterol, 0.5% cholic acid and 15% fat), fail to develop atherosclerotic aortic lesions in contrast to several highly susceptible strains of mice (e.g. C57BL/6J, Stock No. 000664; C57L/J, Stock No. 000668, C57BR/cdJ, Stock No. 000667, and SM/J, Stock No. 000687).
The hairless mutation (Hrhr) was found in a mouse caught in an aviary in London in 1924. It was brought to The Jackson Laboratory in 1956 by Dr. E. L. Green who had received it from Dr. H. Chase at Brown University in 1952. Dr. Green crossed it to a BALB/c female and the stock was sibling mated. The genotype was fixed homozygous for brown (Tyrp1b), albino (Tyrc), dilute (Myo5ad) and kept segregating for hairless. Since the hairless females do not nurse their litters it was bred hairless males x haired females. In 1964 at generation F24 the strain was named HRS/J. Embryos were cryopreserved in 1992 from haired females mated to hairless males at F90.
|Allele Name||b-2 variant|
|Allele Type||Not Applicable|
|Allele Synonym(s)||Ahb-2; Ahh|
|Gene Symbol and Name||Ahr, aryl-hydrocarbon receptor|
|Strain of Origin||BALB/cBy|
|General Note||C57BL/6 carries the responsive Ahrb allele; DBA/2 carries nonresponsive Ahrd. Heterozygotes (Ahrb/Ahrd) are responsive (J:5282). Later work identified a second (J:8895) and later a third (J:22144) allele conferring response. Thus the allele in C57, C58, and MA/My strains is now Ahrb-1; Ahrb-2 is carried by BALB/cBy, A, and C3H; and Ahrb-3 by Mus spretus, M. caroli, and MOLF/Ei. The nonresponsive strains AKR, DBA/2, and 129 carry Ahrd (J:22144). Nucleotide and amino acid sequence differences between Ahrb-1 and Ahrd have been determined (J:17460). |
Strain of origin - this allele was found in BALB/cByJ, A/J, C3H/HeJ, CBA strains
|Molecular Note||This allele encodes a high affinity, heat labile, 104 kDa receptor containing 848 amino acids. Sequencing studies of cDNA from C57BL/6J congenic mice homozygous for this allele identified nucleotide substitutions in the ORF that would cause 5 amino acid differences between the C57BL/6J and BALB/cBy peptides, and 2 amino acid differences between the BALB/cBy and DBA/2J peptides. A T to C transition in exon 11 replaces the opal termination codon in the C57BL/6J allele with an arginine codon in the BALB/cBy allele. This change would extend translation of the BALB/cBy mRNA by 43 amino acids, accounting for the larger size of the peptide produced by this allele (104 kDa, vs 95 kDa for the C57BL/6J allele).|
|Allele Synonym(s)||hr; SKH-1|
|Gene Symbol and Name||Hr, lysine demethylase and nuclear receptor corepressor|
|Strain of Origin||Not Specified|
|Molecular Note||The hr allele is the result of a retroviral integration. Insertion of murine leukemia proviral sequences into intron 6 results in aberrant splicing of the gene.|
|Allele Synonym(s)||blue dilution; d; dv; Maltese dilution|
|Gene Symbol and Name||Myo5a, myosin VA|
|Strain of Origin||old mutant of the mouse fancy|
|Molecular Note||This mutation is the result of the integration of ecotropic murine leukemia virus Emv-3 into a noncoding region of the Myo5ad gene. Reversions of Myo5ad to wild-type are caused by excision of the virus leaving exactly one long terminal repeat in place.|
When using the HRS/J mouse strain in a publication, please include JAX stock #000673 in your Materials and Methods section.
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