Females of this strain have only one X chromosome, and may be useful in studies of Turner Syndrome in humans.
XO or monsomy X mice lack a second sex chromosome. The condition is inherited as an X-linked dominant trait with male lethality. XO mice exhibit some degree of growth retardation, high frequency hearing loss, reduced thyroid activity, reduced body temperature and some behavioral abnormalities. Unlike Turner Syndrome in humans, XO females are fertile. The two-step mating system for this strain (described under Mating System) incorporates the X-linked coat color marker tabby so that mice can be identified by a combination of coat color and sex. This strain may be useful for studies of Turner Syndrome or X-linked recessive alleles.
The female progenitor of the X/O line now maintained at the Jackson Laboratory was a Ta+/+Bn, Ta+/O mosaic. She was the offspring of a Mo+/+Ta x Bn/Y cross and looked like a Ta/O non-Bn female except for faint transverse striping across the rump. Seven of her apparently wild type daughters after mating her to a wild type male were mated with Ta/Y males. One produced Ta/O daughters and was apparently +/O. (from M.C. Green, Mouse News Letter 1967 33:37)
|Allele Synonym(s)||Ta; Ta3; TaFa; Taf|
|Gene Symbol and Name||Eda, ectodysplasin-A|
|Gene Synonym(s)||EDA1; Ed1; Eda-A1; Eda-A2; RGD1563178; Ta; Tnlg7c; tabby|
|Strain of Origin||stock including A, C57BL, CBA, and RIII|
|General Note||This mutation arose in a strain selected for large size. Hemizygous mutant males breed satisfactorily, but homozygous mutant females are often sterile. Hemizygous mutant females are fully fertile (J:249).Hemizygous males and homozygous females are identical in phenotype with homozygous crinkled (Edaraddcr) and downless (Edardl) mice and with homozygous or heterozygous sleek (Dlslk) mice. They are characterized by absence of guard hairs and zigzags in the coat, a bald patch behind the ear, bald tail with a few kinks near the tip, reduced aperture of the eyelids, a respiratory disorder, and a modified agouti pattern (J:249). The number of vibrissae is reduced (J:14912). The incisors may be reduced or absent, and the molars are usually smaller than normal with the third molar often absent (J:5018, J:5138). There are defects of many endocrine glands. The structures affected by the mutation all arise embryologically as downgrowths of solid epithelial cords, not by invagination with a lumen or by outgrowths from deep grooves (J:5246).Hemizygous mutant females are most easily recognized if they are agouti, in which case they show transverse stripes of light-colored normal and dark tabby hair. They have normal incisors but may have mutant or intermediate-type molars (J:5138). A small proportion of heterozygous females may show some slight defects of some of the exocrine glands (J:5193).In the development of the coat of homozygous and hemizygous mutant mice, hair follicle initiation begins at 17 days of gestation, 3 days later than normal, and ends 1 or 2 days after birth, several days earlier than normal. The hairs are of only one type and resemble abnormal awls (J:12100, J:5137). By use of dermal--epidermal recombination grafts of embryonic flank skin, it was shown that EdaTa acts in the epidermis in its effects on structure of the hairs (J:6041). The effect of the mutation in preventing growth of hair on the tail may be either dermal or epidermal. The mutation may act directly on hair cells or via a diffusible product (J:7450). The phenotype of EdaTa/+ females has been extensively studied because of its relevance to the X-inactivation theory of dosage compensation (J:5018, J:5238).EdaTa and the related mutations Edaraddcr and Edardl disrupt normal development of certain epidermal derivatives, including sweat glands. Although the sensory innervation of footpad skin and the sympathetic innervation of blood vessels in the foot pad is normal in these mutants, the sympathetic fibers that normally innervate the sweat glands fail to develop (J:19910).A candidate gene for the human familial X-linked disorder hypohidrotic ectodermal dysplasia (EDA)(OMIM 305100) has been partially cloned. Eda, a candidate for which has also been cloned, is the homologous gene in the mouse, on the basis of phenotype - hypoplasia of sweat glands, teeth, and hair - and of homologous mapping. There is high sequence identity between the cloned portions of the two genes. Known Eda mutations have been identified in the candidate mouse gene. An extracellular collagenous domain of the mouse gene, not yet identified in the EDA gene, may represent the location of mutations in 85-90% of human families (J:42614). A mouse gene Eda (ectodysplasin-A) has been proposed as the site of the tabby mutations (J:44605).Exogenous epidermal growth factor can reverse phenotypic features of EdaTa mice, advancing the delayed opening of eyelids and eruption of incisors (J:42661) and inducing development of dermal ridges and functional sweat glands (J:42660). Expression of epidermal growth factor receptor is reduced in EDA and in EdaTa mice (J:33361).|
|Molecular Note||This allele is characterized by an ~ 2 kb deletion: Genomic DNA was hybridized with an exon 1 probe showing a deletion including the coding region and primers for DNA flanking exon 1 failed to amplify in a PCR assay.|
The average number of mice provided from recovery of our cryopreserved strains is 10. The total number of animals provided,
their gender and genotype will vary. We will fulfill your order by providing at least two pair of mice, at least one animal of
each pair carrying the mutation of interest. Please inquire if larger numbers of animals with specific genotype and genders
are needed. Animals typically ship between 10 and 14 weeks from the date of your order. If a second cryorecovery is needed in
order to provide the minimum number of animals, animals will ship within 25 weeks.
The genotypes of animals provided may not reflect the mating scheme utilized by The Jackson Laboratory prior to cryopreservation, or that discussed in the strain description. Please inquire about possible genotypes which will be recovered for this specific strain. The Jackson Laboratory cannot guarantee the reproductive success of mice shipped to your facility. If the mice are lost after the first three days (post-arrival) or do not produce progeny at your facility, a new order and fee will be necessary.
Cryorecovery to establish a Dedicated Supply for greater quantities of mice. Mice recovered can be used to establish a dedicated colony to contractually supply you mice according to your requirements. Price by quotation.
Terms are granted by individual review and stated on the customer invoice(s) and account statement. These transactions are payable in U.S. currency within the granted terms. Payment for services, products, shipping containers, and shipping costs that are rendered are expected within the payment terms indicated on the invoice or stated by contract. Invoices and account balances in arrears of stated terms may result in The Jackson Laboratory pursuing collection activities including but not limited to outside agencies and court filings.
The Jackson Laboratory has rigorous genetic quality control and mutant gene genotyping programs to ensure the genetic background of JAX® Mice strains as well as the genotypes of strains with identified molecular mutations. JAX® Mice strains are only made available to researchers after meeting our standards. However, the phenotype of each strain may not be fully characterized and/or captured in the strain data sheets. Therefore, we cannot guarantee a strain's phenotype will meet all expectations. To ensure that JAX® Mice will meet the needs of individual research projects or when requesting a strain that is new to your research, we suggest ordering and performing tests on a small number of mice to determine suitability for your particular project.
"MICE" means mouse strains, their progeny derived by inbreeding or crossbreeding, unmodified derivatives from mouse strains or their progeny supplied by The Jackson Laboratory ("JACKSON"). "PRODUCT(S)" means biological materials supplied by JACKSON, and their derivatives. "SERVICES" means projects conducted by JACKSON for other parties that may include but are not limited to the use of MICE or PRODUCTS. "RECIPIENT" means each recipient of MICE, PRODUCTS, or SERVICES provided by JACKSON including each institution, its employees and other researchers under its control. MICE or PRODUCTS shall not be: (i) used for any purpose other than internal research, (ii) sold or otherwise provided to any third party for any use, or (iii) provided to any agent or other third party to provide breeding or other services. Acceptance of MICE, PRODUCTS or SERVICES from JACKSON shall be deemed as agreement by RECIPIENT to these conditions, and departure from these conditions requires JACKSON’s prior written authorization.
MICE, PRODUCTS AND SERVICES ARE PROVIDED "AS IS". JACKSON EXTENDS NO WARRANTIES OF ANY KIND, EITHER EXPRESS, IMPLIED, OR STATUTORY, WITH RESPECT TO MICE, PRODUCTS OR SERVICES, INCLUDING ANY IMPLIED WARRANTY OF MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE, OR ANY WARRANTY OF NON-INFRINGEMENT OF ANY PATENT, TRADEMARK, OR OTHER INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHTS.
In case of dissatisfaction for a valid reason and claimed in writing by a purchaser within ninety (90) days of receipt of, PRODUCTS or SERVICES, JACKSON will, at its option, provide credit or replacement for the PRODUCT received or the SERVICES provided; JACKSON makes no other representations and this shall be the exclusive remedy of the purchaser. Please note specific policy for live mice.
Consistent with the requirement for a written understanding regarding animal care and use, the JACKSON Animal Care and Use Committee will review the animal care and use protocol(s) associated with any SERVICES to be performed at JACKSON, and JACKSON shall have ultimate responsibility and authority for the care of animals while on site or in JACKSON custody.
In no event shall JACKSON, its trustees, directors, officers, employees, and affiliates be liable for any causes of action or damages, including any direct, indirect, special, or consequential damages, arising out of the provision of MICE, PRODUCTS, or SERVICES, including economic damage or injury to property and lost profits, and including any damage arising from acts or negligence on the part of JACKSON, its agents or employees. Unless prohibited by law, in purchasing or receiving MICE, PRODUCTS, or SERVICES from JACKSON, purchaser or recipient, or any party claiming by or through them, expressly releases and discharges JACKSON from all such causes of action or damages, and further agrees to defend and indemnify JACKSON from any costs or damages arising out of any third party claims.
MICE, PRODUCTS or SERVICES are to be used in a safe manner and in accordance with all applicable governmental rules and regulations.
The foregoing represents the General Terms and Conditions applicable to JACKSON’s MICE, PRODUCTS or SERVICES. In addition, special terms and conditions of sale of certain MICE, PRODUCTS, or SERVICES may be set forth separately in JACKSON web pages, catalogs, price lists, contracts, and/or other documents, and these special terms and conditions shall also govern the sale of these MICE, PRODUCTS and SERVICES by JACKSON, and by its licensees and distributors.
Acceptance of delivery of MICE, PRODUCTS or SERVICES shall be deemed agreement to these terms and conditions. No purchase order or other document transmitted by purchaser or recipient that may modify the terms and conditions hereof, shall be in any way binding on JACKSON, and instead the terms and conditions set forth herein, including any special terms and conditions set forth separately, shall govern the sale of MICE, PRODUCTS or SERVICES by JACKSON.