KitW-44J heterozygotes have white-tipped feet and a white tail tip although the belly spot standardly found in KitW* mutations is very small in this mutant, sometimes restricted to only a few hairs. Homozygotes have a flecked pelt that is predominantly white, especially ventrally, with pigmented patches particularly at the lateral borders. The pigmentation fades with age yielding black-eyed white mice by approximately 9 months of age. While many KitW-44J homozygotes are viable, fertility is diminished. Homozygous females have greatly reduced fertility and gonads that are smaller in size with reduced activity. Homozygous males are sterile although spermatogenesis occurs. The KitW-44J allele does not produce anemia in either its heterozygous or homozygous state. The red blood cell count, white blood cell count, hematocrit, and mean cell volume are normal. However, bone marrow transplantation experiments reveal that t...Read More +
KitW-44J heterozygotes have white-tipped feet and a white tail tip although the belly spot standardly found in KitW* mutations is very small in this mutant, sometimes restricted to only a few hairs. Homozygotes have a flecked pelt that is predominantly white, especially ventrally, with pigmented patches particularly at the lateral borders. The pigmentation fades with age yielding black-eyed white mice by approximately 9 months of age. While many KitW-44J homozygotes are viable, fertility is diminished. Homozygous females have greatly reduced fertility and gonads that are smaller in size with reduced activity. Homozygous males are sterile although spermatogenesis occurs. The KitW-44J allele does not produce anemia in either its heterozygous or homozygous state. The red blood cell count, white blood cell count, hematocrit, and mean cell volume are normal. However, bone marrow transplantation experiments reveal that the colony forming units in the bone marrow of KitW-44J homozygotes are much lower than normal despite the fact that the bone marrow has a normal cell count. While bone marrow transplantation from KitW-44J homozygotes can cure anemia in KitW/KitW-v hosts, it repopulates more slowly than does wild type bone marrow. Bone marrow from KitW-44J homozygotes also fails to repopulate the mast cells in the skin of KitW/KitW-v hosts. Wild type bone marrow transplanted into non-irradiated hosts out-competes the endogenous erythropoeisis in KitW-44J homozygotes but not in wild type hosts, further confirming a deficiency in erythropoeisis in these non-anemic mice. Mice doubly heterozygous for KitW-44J and KitW-39J are more mildly anemic than mice doubly heterozygous for KitW-39J and other second KitW* alleles. (Geissler et al., 1981; Geissler and Russell, 1983; Sawada et al., 1991.)
The KitW-44J mutation arose spontaneously at the Jackson Laboratory on the C3H/HeJ background in the mid-1970s. It was backcrossed to C57BL/6J and in 1980 heterozygous males at N33 were bred with C57BL/6J females to produce embryos for cryopreservation. (Geissler et al., 1981 and 1988.)
|Allele Name||dominant spotting 44 Jackson|
|Gene Symbol and Name||Kit, KIT proto-oncogene receptor tyrosine kinase|
|Gene Synonym(s)||Bs; C-Kit; CD117; Dominant white spotting; Fdc; Gsfsco1; Gsfsco1; Gsfsco5; Gsfsco5; Gsfsow3; Gsfsow3; PBT; SCFR; SCO1; SCO5; SOW3; Ssm; Steel Factor Receptor; Tr-kit; W; belly-spot; belly-spot; c-KIT; dominant spotting; gsf spotted coat 1; gsf spotted coat 5; phenotype like Sl or W 3; spotted sterile male|
|Strain of Origin||C3H/HeJ|
|Molecular Note||Southern hybridization analyses of genomic DNA using probes corresponding to two specific lengths of amino acids from c-kit suggests that this allele comprises a 4-5 kb insertion that disrupts c-kit. The level of c-kit mRNA in homozygotes is markedly reduced.|
|Heterozygous or Wild-type for Kit<W-44J>|
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