These SOD1-G93A (also called G93A-SOD1) transgenic mice may be useful in studying neuromuscular disorders, including Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS or Lou Gehrig's Disease).
Dr. Mark E. Gurney, Tetra Discovery Partners
Mice hemizygous for this SOD1-G93A (also called G93A-SOD1) transgene are viable and fertile, with transgenic expression of a G93A mutant form of human SOD1. This founder line (often referred to as G1H) is reported to have high transgene copy number. Hemizygotes exhibit a phenotype similar to amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) in humans; becoming paralyzed in one or more limbs with paralysis due to loss of motor neurons from the spinal cord. Transgenic mice have an abbreviated life span: 50% survive at 128.9+/-9.1 days (in contrast to C57BL/6J background where 50% survival is observed at 157.1+/-9.3 days). In contrast to LPS-induced microglia and activated M1/M2 macrophages, spinal cord microglia activated by disease progression do not upregulate genes that display a bias to either an M1 (neurotoxic) phenotype or an M2 (protective) phenotype. The pattern of gene expression in SOD1G93A activated microglia represents a unique ALS-specific signature.When maintaining a live colony, it has been the experience of The Jackson Laboratory that male mice are aggressive. It is our recommendation that no more than 4 males are housed in a box.These SOD1-G93A (also called G93A-SOD1) transgenic mice may be useful in studying neuromuscular disorders, including Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS or Lou Gehrig's Disease).
This strain ships with a JAXTagTM affixed. Learn more about JAXTagTM.
The SOD1-G93A (or G93A-SOD1) transgene was designed with a mutant human SOD1 gene (harboring a single amino acid substitution of glycine to alanine at codon 93) driven by its endogenous human SOD1 promoter. This transgene was injected into fertilized B6SJLF1 mouse eggs and founder animals were obtained. Transgenic mice on a mixed B6SJL genetic background were sent to The Jackson Laboratory.
|Expressed Gene||SOD1, superoxide dismutase 1, human|
|Site of Expression|
|Allele Name||transgene insertion 1, Mark E Gurney|
|Allele Type||Transgenic (Humanized sequence, Inserted expressed sequence)|
|Allele Synonym(s)||(G93A)Tg+; G1H; G93A; G93A SOD1; G93A+; G93A-SOD1; G93AGurdl; Gur1-G93A; SOD1 G93A; SOD1 Tg; SOD1G93A; Tg(G93A-SOD1)1Gur; Tg(SOD1-G93A)1Gur; TgN(SOD1-G93A)1Gur; TgN[SOD1-G93A]1Gur; hSOD1G93A|
|Gene Symbol and Name||Tg(SOD1*G93A)1Gur, transgene insertion 1, Mark E Gurney|
|Gene Synonym(s)||(G93A)Tg+; G1H; G93A; G93A SOD1; G93A+; G93A-SOD1; SOD1 G93A; SOD1 Tg; SOD1G93A; Tg(G93A-SOD1)1Gur; Tg(SOD1-G93A)1Gur; Tg(SOD1-G93A)1Gur; TgN(SOD1-G93A)1Gur; TgN[SOD1-G93A]1Gur; hSOD1G93A|
|Promoter||SOD1, superoxide dismutase 1, human|
|Expressed Gene||SOD1, superoxide dismutase 1, human|
|Strain of Origin||(C57BL/6 x SJL)F1|
|General Note||This line, G1H, was derived from the original G1 line (now designated Tg(SOD1*G93A)2Gur) reported in J:32665. |
Transgenic mice on a background that involves C57BL/6 and SJL express high levels of the transgene with a 4-fold increase in SOD activity, and exhibit a phenotype similar to amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) in humans. Hemizygous transgenic mice become paralyzed in one or more limbs and have a life span of approximately 19-23 weeks. Paralysis is due to loss of motor neurons from the spinal cord.
|Molecular Note||This transgenic subline (designated G1H in J:76718) is derived from the G1 parental transgenic line (originally described in J:32665). This line carries a 40% expansion in transgene copy number compared to the original G1 line (described in J:32665, in MGI as Tg(SOD1*G93A)2Gur). The transgene construct is composed of the human SOD1 gene carrying a glycine to alanine transition at position 93 (G93A). The G93A mutation does not alter the activity of the protein. This line carries a high copy number maps to Mus Chr12:97,165,800 (coordinates from MGSC ver 37, mm9).|
|Mutations Made By|| |
Dr. Mark Gurney, Tetra Discovery Partners
The strain is maintained by breeding hemizygous carriers (preferably males) to B6SJLF1 hybrids. When maintaining a live colony, it has been the experience of The Jackson Laboratory that male mice are aggressive. It is our recommendation that no more than 4 males are housed in a box. Expected coat colors from breeding are "White Bellied Agouti, Black, Albino, Tan w/pink eyes."
|Please inquire about possible genotypes.|
The average number of mice provided from recovery of our cryopreserved strains is 10. The total number of animals provided,
their gender and genotype will vary. We will fulfill your order by providing at least two pair of mice, at least one animal of
each pair carrying the mutation of interest. Please inquire if larger numbers of animals with specific genotype and genders
are needed. Animals typically ship between 10 and 14 weeks from the date of your order. If a second cryorecovery is needed in
order to provide the minimum number of animals, animals will ship within 25 weeks.
The genotypes of animals provided may not reflect the mating scheme utilized by The Jackson Laboratory prior to cryopreservation, or that discussed in the strain description. Please inquire about possible genotypes which will be recovered for this specific strain. The Jackson Laboratory cannot guarantee the reproductive success of mice shipped to your facility. If the mice are lost after the first three days (post-arrival) or do not produce progeny at your facility, a new order and fee will be necessary.
Cryorecovery to establish a Dedicated Supply for greater quantities of mice. Mice recovered can be used to establish a dedicated colony to contractually supply you mice according to your requirements. Price by quotation.
"MICE" means mouse strains, their progeny derived by inbreeding or crossbreeding, unmodified derivatives from mouse strains or their progeny supplied by The Jackson Laboratory ("JACKSON"). "PRODUCT(S)" means biological materials supplied by JACKSON, and their derivatives. "SERVICES" means projects conducted by JACKSON for other parties that may include but are not limited to the use of MICE or PRODUCTS. "RECIPIENT" means each recipient of MICE, PRODUCTS, or SERVICES provided by JACKSON including each institution, its employees and other researchers under its control. MICE or PRODUCTS shall not be: (i) used for any purpose other than internal research, (ii) sold or otherwise provided to any third party for any use, or (iii) provided to any agent or other third party to provide breeding or other services. Acceptance of MICE, PRODUCTS or SERVICES from JACKSON shall be deemed as agreement by RECIPIENT to these conditions, and departure from these conditions requires JACKSON’s prior written authorization.
MICE, PRODUCTS AND SERVICES ARE PROVIDED "AS IS". JACKSON EXTENDS NO WARRANTIES OF ANY KIND, EITHER EXPRESS, IMPLIED, OR STATUTORY, WITH RESPECT TO MICE, PRODUCTS OR SERVICES, INCLUDING ANY IMPLIED WARRANTY OF MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE, OR ANY WARRANTY OF NON-INFRINGEMENT OF ANY PATENT, TRADEMARK, OR OTHER INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHTS.
In case of dissatisfaction for a valid reason and claimed in writing by a purchaser within ninety (90) days of receipt of, PRODUCTS or SERVICES, JACKSON will, at its option, provide credit or replacement for the PRODUCT received or the SERVICES provided; JACKSON makes no other representations and this shall be the exclusive remedy of the purchaser. Please note specific policy for live mice.
Consistent with the requirement for a written understanding regarding animal care and use, the JACKSON Animal Care and Use Committee will review the animal care and use protocol(s) associated with any SERVICES to be performed at JACKSON, and JACKSON shall have ultimate responsibility and authority for the care of animals while on site or in JACKSON custody.
In no event shall JACKSON, its trustees, directors, officers, employees, and affiliates be liable for any causes of action or damages, including any direct, indirect, special, or consequential damages, arising out of the provision of MICE, PRODUCTS, or SERVICES, including economic damage or injury to property and lost profits, and including any damage arising from acts or negligence on the part of JACKSON, its agents or employees. Unless prohibited by law, in purchasing or receiving MICE, PRODUCTS, or SERVICES from JACKSON, purchaser or recipient, or any party claiming by or through them, expressly releases and discharges JACKSON from all such causes of action or damages, and further agrees to defend and indemnify JACKSON from any costs or damages arising out of any third party claims.
MICE, PRODUCTS or SERVICES are to be used in a safe manner and in accordance with all applicable governmental rules and regulations.
The foregoing represents the General Terms and Conditions applicable to JACKSON’s MICE, PRODUCTS or SERVICES. In addition, special terms and conditions of sale of certain MICE, PRODUCTS, or SERVICES may be set forth separately in JACKSON web pages, catalogs, price lists, contracts, and/or other documents, and these special terms and conditions shall also govern the sale of these MICE, PRODUCTS and SERVICES by JACKSON, and by its licensees and distributors.
Acceptance of delivery of MICE, PRODUCTS or SERVICES shall be deemed agreement to these terms and conditions. No purchase order or other document transmitted by purchaser or recipient that may modify the terms and conditions hereof, shall be in any way binding on JACKSON, and instead the terms and conditions set forth herein, including any special terms and conditions set forth separately, shall govern the sale of MICE, PRODUCTS or SERVICES by JACKSON.