This KrasLSL-G12D strain carries a Lox-Stop-Lox (LSL) sequence followed by the K-ras G12D point mutation allele commonly associated with human cancer. When bred to a strain expressing Cre recombinase under control of various tissue specific promoters, Cre recombination deletes the LSL cassette and allows the expression of the mutant KRAS oncogenic protein. This strain may be useful in studies of cancer and development.
Dr. Tyler Jacks, Massachusetts Institute of Technology
This KrasLSL-G12D strain carries a point mutation (G12D) whose expression is blocked by the presence of a loxP-flanked stop codon. Homozygotes die in utero. Cre-mediated recombination can excise the stop codon and permit the oncogenic protein to be expressed. Intranasal infection with an adenovirus encoding Cre results in a very high frequency of lung tumors and permits controlled timing of tumor initiation and tumor multiplicity. This strain may be useful in studies of cancer and development.
When bred to a strain expressing Cre recombinase under the control of a tetracycline-responsive promoter element and a strain expressing a tetracycline-controlled activator protein in lung epithelial cells (see Stock No. 006234 and 006235 respectively), this mutant mouse strain may be useful in studies of lung development.
When bred to a strain expressing interferon inducible Cre recombinase (see Stock No. 003556, 005673 for example), this mutant mouse strain may be useful in studies of Ras and myeloproliferative disease.
When bred to a strain expressing Cre recombinase in mammary gland, skin, and other secretory glands (see Stock No. 003553 for example), this mutant mouse strain may be useful in studies of epithelial hyperplasias.
When bred to a strain expressing Cre recombinase in epiblast derived tissues (see Stock No. 003755 for example), this mutant mouse strain may be useful in studies of Ras and embryonic development.
When bred to a strain expressing Cre recombinase in liver (see Stock No. 003574 for example), this mutant mouse strain may be useful in studies of intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma.
When bred to a strain expressing Cre recombinase in myeloid cell lineage (see Stock No. 004781 for example), this mutant mouse strain may be useful in studies of lung cancer.
When bred to a strain expressing tamoxifen-inducible Cre recombinase in melanocytes (see Stock No. 012328 for example), this mutant mouse strain may be useful in studies of melanomagenesis.
When bred to a strain expressing Cre recombinase in astrocytes (see Stock No. 012887 for example), this mutant mouse strain may be useful in studies of neurofibroma development.
A targeting vector was designed to place a G12D point mutation in exon 1 of the gene and a loxP-flanked STOP element upstream of the mutation. The STOP element incorporates a PGK-puromycin selection cassette at the 5' end in an opposite directional orientation. An adenoviral strong splice acceptor, typically used in gene trap vectors, is fused upstream of the his3 stuffer fragment to prevent splicing around the stopper (in the case that transcription isn't completely silenced). A mutant splice donor site is on the 3' end and a tetrameric tandem array of SV40 PolyA. The stopper was designed to fit into genomic Sal1 or Xho1 sites. The stop cassette prevents the expression of mutant Kras until it is removed by Cre mediated recombination of the Loxp sites, thus allowing expression of oncogenic Kras. The construct was electroporated into 129S4/SvJae-derived J1 embryonic stem (ES) cells. This strain was backcrossed to C57BL/6 for more than 10 generations by the donating laboratory which verified correct orientation by Southern assays involving 5' and 3' external and internal probes.
|Allele Name||targeted mutation 4, Tyler Jacks|
|Allele Type||Targeted (Conditional ready (e.g. floxed), No functional change)|
|Allele Synonym(s)||K-Ras(G12D)fl; K-RasL; K-RasG12D; K-rasLSL; KR; Kras2tm4Tyj; Kras2tm14Tyj; KrasG12D; KrasLSL-G12D; KrasLox; LSL-K-ras G12D; LSL-K-rasG12D; LSL-Kras G12D; LSL-KrasG12D; LSL-KrasG12D; Lox-Stop-Lox-KrasG12D; caKRas|
|Gene Symbol and Name||Kras, Kirsten rat sarcoma viral oncogene homolog|
|Gene Synonym(s)||AI929937; C-K-RAS; CFC2; K-RAS2A; K-RAS2B; K-RAS4A; K-RAS4B; K-ras; KI-RAS; KRAS1; KRAS2; Ki-ras; Kirsten rat sarcoma oncogene 2, expressed; Kras-2; Kras-2; Kras2; Kras2; NS; NS3; RALD; RASK2; c-Ki-ras; c-Ki-ras2; expressed sequence AI929937; p21|
|Strain of Origin||129S4/SvJae|
|General Note||Phenotypic Similarity to Human Syndrome: Intrahepatic Cholangiocarcinoma (J:184949). |
Phenotypic Similarity to Human Syndrome: Granulosa cell tumor (GCT) J:186144
Phenotypic Similarity to Human Syndrome: Granulosa cell tumor of the testis (GCTT) J:186144
Phenotypic Similarity to Human Syndrome: Squamous Cell Carcinoma J:203922 in double Kras and Smad4 mutants.
Phenotypic Similarity to Human Syndrome: Soft Tissue Sarcoma J:125101 in double Kras and Trp53 mutants and in double Kras and Cdkn2a mutants.
Phenotypic Similarity to Human Syndrome: Soft Tissue Sarcoma J:234124 in double Kras and Trp53 mutants.
Phenotypic Similarity to Human Syndrome: Non-Small-Cell Lung Carcinoma J:124682 in double Kras and Stk11 mutants.
Phenotypic Similarity to Human Syndrome: HPV-Positive Oral Cancer J:210533 .
Phenotypic Similarity to Human Syndrome: Skin Cancer (Squamous Cell Carcinoma) J:172048 in double Kras and Trp53 conditional(Tg(KRT14-cre/ERT)20Efu) mutants.
|Molecular Note||By homologous recombination in ES cells, the Kras2 locus was targeted with a cassette containing an oncogenic form of the KRAS2 protein in which the glycine at position 12 had been substituted with a an aspartic acid. A loxP flanked stop codon was included upstream of the inserted Kras2 sequence, such that the mutant transcript would be expressed only after cre-mediated recombination.|
|Mutations Made By|| |
Dr. Tyler Jacks, Massachusetts Institute of Technology
When maintained as a live colony, heterozygotes may be bred. Homozygotes are embryonic lethal.
|Please inquire about possible genotypes.|
The average number of mice provided from recovery of our cryopreserved strains is 10. The total number of animals provided,
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