Mice that are homozygous for this caveolin, caveolae protein 1 (Cav1) knock-out exhibit exercise intolerance when challenged, resistant to diet-induced obesity and are slightly hyperphagic. This mutant mouse strain may be useful in studies of vesicular and cholesterol trafficking, signal transduction and tumorigenesis.
IMR Colony, The Jackson Laboratory
Mice that are homozygous for the targeted mutation are viable, fertile and do not display any gross physical abnormalities. Mutant mice exhibit exercise intolerance when challenged and are slightly hyperphagic. No gene product (protein) is detected by Western blot analysis in adipose, lung and heart tissues or in cultured mouse embryonic fibroblasts (MEFs). A decrease in the level of co-expressed caveolin-2 protein is immunodetected. At age 4-5 months, mutant mice are often smaller than their wildtype littermates. By one year of age, mutant mice weigh 5 to 7 grams less than wildtype, and are resistant to diet-induced obesity. Progressive adipose pathology results in reduced white adipose tissue with abnormally small adipocytes and enlarged, hyperplastic brown adipose tissue. Homozygotes display lipid metabolism and uptake disruption with elevated serum triglycerides and free fatty acid levels, and reduced leptin levels. Isolated aortic tissue segments have a diminished vasoconstriction response to the alpha-1-adrenergic receptor agonist, phenylephrine, and an enhanced vasorelaxation response to acetylcholine. Histological examination of lung tissue from mutant mice shows thickened alveolar septa, hypercellularity, reduced alveolar spaces and increased density of basement membranes and reticulin fibers. Further immunohistochemical examination of lung tissue shows an increased number of endothelial cells. Mutant derived MEF cells proliferate two times faster and are denser at confluence as indicated by growth curves and cell cycle analysis. Electron microscopy analysis reveals a complete absence of caveolae (plasmalemmal vesicles) in endothelial cells. In vitro studies measuring uptake of fluorescently-labeled albumin and in vivo studies following uptake of gold-conjugated albumin demonstrate caveolar endocytosis impairment.
Young (3-6 month old) mutant mice exhibit multiple characteristics of Alzheimer's disease pathologies including increased amyloid beta and tau deposits, neurodegeneration, astrogliosis and decreased cerebrovascular volume. The neuronal aging found in the hippocampi of young mutant mice resembles that found in aged (> 18 months of age) wild-type mice.
This mutant mouse strain may be useful in studies of vesicular and cholesterol trafficking, signal transduction, neurodegeneration and tumorigenesis.
In an attempt to offer alleles on well-characterized or multiple genetic backgrounds, alleles are frequently moved to a genetic background different from that on which an allele was first characterized. This is the case for the strain above. It should be noted that the phenotype could vary from that originally described. We will modify the strain description if necessary as published results become available.
A targeting vector containing a neomycin resistance gene was used to disrupt 2.2 Kb of sequence containing exons 1 and 2. The construct was electroporated into WW6 embryonic stem (ES) cells (75% 129/Sv, 20% C57BL/6J, 5% SJL). Correctly targeted ES cells were injected into C57BL/6 blastocysts. The resulting chimeric animals were crossed to C57BL/6J mice for approximately 5 generations. The donating investigator noted diminished reproductive performance as the backcross to C57BL/6J background progressed and backcrossed to a 129S6/SvEv background for 1 generation. After arriving at The Jackson Laboratory the mice were backcrossed to C57BL/6J for 5 generations. No breeding problems were observed in our colony.
|Allele Name||targeted mutation 1, Michael P Lisanti|
|Allele Type||Targeted (Null/Knockout)|
|Allele Synonym(s)||cav-; Cavtm1Mls; Cav-1-; Cav-1 KO; Caveolin-1 KO|
|Gene Symbol and Name||Cav1, caveolin 1, caveolae protein|
|Strain of Origin||STOCK 129/Sv and C57BL/6J and SJL|
|Molecular Note||A 2.2 kb region of the gene including exons 1 and 2 and part of the promoter region was replaced with a neo resistance cassette via homologous recombination. Absence of gene expression in homozygous mutant animals was verified by Western blot analysis of heart, adipose, and lung tissue, and also of mouse embryonic fibroblasts cultured from E13.5 homozygous mutant embryos.|
|Mutations Made By|| |
Michael Lisanti, University of Salford, Manchester
When using the Cav-1- mouse strain in a publication, please cite the originating article(s) and include JAX stock #007083 in your Materials and Methods section.