These mice carry a spontaneous mutation at the Lyst locus characterized by immunodeficiency and reduced pigmentation of the coat with progressive darkening of the eyes.Read More +
This strain is homozygous for the retinal degeneration allele Pde6brd1.
Mice homozygous for the beige 2J spontaneous mutation (Lystbg-2J) display characteristics very similar to the original beige mutation (Lystbg). The mouse phenotype closely resembles Chediak-Higashi syndrome in man and similar conditions in mink and cattle. Abnormal giant lysosomal granules occur in all tissues with granule-containing cells, including granulocytes, lymphocytes, cells of the liver, kidney, central nervous system, pancreas, and thyroid, and the ducts of most glands; in type II pneumocytes; in mast cells; and in retinal pigment epithelium. Granulocytes from beige homozygous mutant mice show defective chemotaxis and reduced bactericidal activity. Beige mice are more susceptible than controls to pneumonitis and to various viral, bacterial, and parasitic infections. Natural killer (NK) cells from beige mice exhibit decreased endogenous cytotoxic activity. Beige mice also have a defective cytotoxic T-cell and cytotoxic antibody response to allogeneic tumor cells. Syngeneic tumor cells grow better in beige mice than in littermate controls, an effect thought to be due to the deficiency of NK cells. Beige mice have platelet storage pool deficiency, leading to a prolonged bleeding time. The immunodeficiency of beige mutant mice has been used, especially in combination with the scid mutation (Prkdcscid), in tissue graft and disease studies.
|Allele Name||beige 2 Jackson|
|Gene Symbol and Name||Lyst, lysosomal trafficking regulator|
|Strain of Origin||Yellow stock|
|Molecular Note||This allele was identified by a noncomplementation test with Lystbg. Quantitative reverse transcription showed the molecular fault in the Lystbg-2J mutation may be an intronic retrotransposition event causing a five-fold decrease in transcription and mRNA instability.|
When using the beige 2 Jackson mouse strain in a publication, please cite the originating article(s) and include JAX stock #000509 in your Materials and Methods section.